Universities will continue to change and even take on new forms to support the need for the development and application of knowledge and skills to pursue the public goods that justify professions.
In its most general sense, certification is a process by which a person masters certain skills and competencies in a field as assessed by an external body (usually a professional association or a related body) in a particular area. The professional association certifies individual professional competence by its formal exams that test specific knowledge and skills. It ‘assures employers, customers, students, and the public that the certificate holder is competent and professional’. This title concentrates on professional certification by existing and aspiring professional associations. Certification can often be an essential step in becoming a professional. There are several models of certification, discussed below.
This title discusses the following issues: